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Working with figures

EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) is the most important image file format in LaTeX. EPS files can contain high quality vector graphics, text, and bitmap images. EPS can be easily converted to many other graphics file formats. This makes EPS a versatile file format.

If you want to compile your LaTeX document directly to PDF, you use PdfLaTeX. Now your figures should be in PDF format. PdfLaTeX can also use JPEG and PNG files directly without any conversion.

EPS and PDF images are stored in individual files. Thus it is easy to create and edit the figures because they are not embedded in the document itself. LaTeX reads those files only when you compile the document. See our Figures and tables example if you need help for the LaTeX commands that are needed to include figures in your document.

Sometimes you may want to embed in Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) the same images that you have used in LaTeX. For good quality images in Windows we need vector graphics formats like EMF and WMF. If you are not able to create those formats, you can use high resolution bitmaps instead. Note that in Office 2003 you can insert EPS images directly.

We have divided the help on figures to three pages:

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